The wisdom teeth, also known as the third molars, develop during early adulthood, most often between the ages of 15 and 25. Most mouths are too small to support these additional molars, making an extraction procedure necessary. If not removed, the wisdom teeth may cause pain, infection and swelling of the face or gum line, as well as the development of cysts and tumors.
Wisdom Teeth Extraction Procedure
Extraction of the wisdom teeth involves opening up the gum tissue over the tooth to remove any bone that covers the tooth. The connecting tissue is then separated so that the entire tooth can be removed. The area is sutured closed and covered with gauze to control bleeding.
Most wisdom teeth procedures can be performed in your dentist’s office under local anesthesia, although some patients may require general anesthesia if all four wisdom teeth are removed at the same time.
Recovery from Wisdom Teeth Extraction
After surgery, patients will be prescribed painkillers to speed up the recovery process and reduce pain. Patients should eat only soft foods and liquids for the first few days and gently rinse their mouth with warm salt water to relieve swelling and pain. Stitches, if needed, are removed within a few days.
If the post operative instructions you receive from your dentist are not followed, you may increase your risk of prolonged pain and swelling, dry socket, numbness, damage to existing dental work and pain when opening the jaw. These side effects can be serious and may require additional treatment. In general, wisdom teeth extraction is considered safe and beneficial for most patients.
A dental extraction, also known as getting a tooth pulled, is one of the most common procedures performed at a dentist’s office. While your dentist will treat your condition and attempt to save the tooth, this is not always possible. Dental extractions are often performed to provide relief from a broken or cracked tooth, remove significant tooth decay or allow room for overcrowded teeth.
After your dentist has decided that dental extraction is necessary, an X-ray examination will be completed to further evaluate the tooth. The extraction procedure is performed under local anesthesia to minimize discomfort. Stubborn teeth may need to be removed in sections.
After the extraction, patients may experience a certain amount of pain. This can be relieved by applying ice to the external area, rinsing, taking antibiotics or painkillers as needed. Patients are advised to avoid certain foods and should feel completely better within one to two weeks. The dental extraction procedure is safe for most patients.
Soft & Hard Tissue Grafting
Soft and hard tissue grafting are regenerative procedures used to correct missing or poor quality bone and gum tissue. These procedures are used to restore tissue around teeth and implants, and in many cases are used to rebuild ridges and sites where an implant or implants will be placed.
Hard tissue, or bone, grafting is a regenerative treatment for patients who have lost quality and quantity of supporting bone tissue. During the procedure, the gums will be separated to gain access to the underlying bone. Any defects or damaged areas of the bone will be filled with a graft material and protected with a barrier. Once the graft is in place, the gums will be reattached to the area with sutures.
Soft tissue, or gum, grafting can also be used to provide stability in the jaw. It can restore the appearance of the mouth and reduce the risk of gum and bone collapse. Tissue is usually taken from the roof of the mouth, attached to the natural gum and carefully sutured into place. A soft tissue graft may be performed to improve gum health and reduce the risk of root decay that is caused by a receding gum line.
When a growth or sore of a questionable nature is detected in the mouth, a biopsy is often required. A biopsy is a diagnostic test involving the removal of a tissue sample and examining it under a microscope. This test is used to identify abnormal cells and screen for cancer and other issues. An oral biopsy will take one of two forms:
Incisional oral biopsy: An incisional biopsy is performed to remove part of a larger mass to be sampled and screened. This will be used to determine if the mass is malignant or benign.
Excisional oral biopsy: An excisional biopsy involves the removal of the entire lump or suspicious growth rather than only a part of it. Excisional biopsies are usually performed when the lump is small.